Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations
- A collection of biological samples (such as blood) and health information.
- A sample taken from a patient, most frequently blood, urine or semen.
- The structures that carry the genes. The human species has 23 pairs, designated 1 to 22 in order of decreasing size and X and Y for the female and male sex chromosomes respectively.
- Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
- Contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms.
- A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and determines a particular characteristic in an individual.
- Genetic mutation
- A difference within an individual's gene sequence resulting in increased risk of developing a disease. A mutation may occur spontaneously, or may be inherited from a parent.
- Institutional Review Board (IRB)
- A governing body of scientists, doctors and consumers at each health care facility that reviews research projects to protect study participants.
- Medical information
- Answers provided on a questionnaire, information from the medical record, and data from a donated sample.
- The yellow liquid component of blood, in which the blood cells are suspended.
- A fluid component of clotted blood.