Yuichi Machida, Ph.D.
Research in the laboratory of Yuichi Machida, Ph.D., focuses on how cells respond to DNA damage. Genomic DNA, which stores all genetic information, is under constant attack by environmental factors such as sunlight, dietary carcinogens and tobacco smoke. Resulting DNA lesions could cause DNA mutations and breaks, which are the hallmarks of cancer.
Fortunately, an array of repair mechanisms exists to eliminate DNA lesions. Termed DNA caretakers, these molecular custodians provide a first-line defense against cancer by maintaining the integrity of the genomic DNA. Dr. Machida is interested in how these DNA caretakers prevent DNA mutations and breaks when DNA is damaged.
Significance to patient care
Many anti-cancer therapeutics, including radiation and cancer drugs, work by damaging the genomic DNA of cancer cells. A better understanding of DNA damage response in cancer cells will help enhance the toxicity of anti-cancer drugs and improve the clinical outcomes of various chemotherapeutic strategies.
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