Prostate Cancer is the second most common cause of cancer in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in American men. The American Cancer Society estimates more than 200,000 new cases will be diagnosed in 2005.
Mayo Clinic is the world leader in prostate cancer treatment and research. Urologists at Mayo Clinic specialize in the latest open and laparoscopic surgical techniques and medical treatments. In combination with colleagues in medical oncology and the cancer center, we offer comprehensive and diverse options of therapies for men with prostate cancer. With so many patients, Mayo has accumulated an unmatched repository of prostate cancer information with an extensive store of clinical data, tissue and serum samples.
The key to curing prostate cancer is early diagnosis. Due to improved screening and early detection (by use of the prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test and digital rectal exam), many men with prostate cancer are being diagnosed early, when the cancer is still contained, known as localized prostate cancer. Consequently, prostate cancer can often be cured with either surgery or radiation. Some men decide not to treat their cancer at all. Others delay treatment (known as watchful waiting) or choose to use anti-hormone shots, which slow, but do not cure, prostate cancer. The decision as to which treatment method is best involves many factors.
Scientists in the Department of Urology and throughout Mayo Clinic are committed to enhancing the management of patients with urologic cancers. To accomplish this goal, research studies are performed to improve our fundamental understanding of cancer biology and how to better target cancer cells with surgical and medical approaches.
The following are summaries of recent and current research projects in prostate cancer:
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